Sugar levels drop in UK yoghurts
Scientists from the University of Leeds have examined product and nutrient information from 893 yoghurts available in UK supermarkets and compared all products to a 2016 baseline survey. Their independent study, published in the journal Nutrients, found there was an overall 13% decrease in total sugar content.
The number of products classed as "low sugar" — containing less than five grams of sugar per 100 grams — increased from 9% in 2016 to 15% in 2019.
Those with the most reduction in sugar were children's drinks and fruit yoghurts. The number of different children's and organic products has also decreased since 2016 — 23% and 27% respectively.
In general, the study found there has been significant product turnover between the 2016 and 2019 surveys. When pairing matched products by brand and name, 40% were considered "new products" as they had not been available in 2016.
32% of the matched products showed reductions in sugar content and 61% showed no changes. The remaining percent showed very small increases in sugar content. This suggests that a significant factor in the overall drop in sugar across all surveyed products was higher sugar products being discontinued.
But, while the results are promising for the UK's efforts to tackle obesity and hit sugar reduction targets, the authors also warn that yoghurt is still not a straightforward choice for consumers looking for healthy foods.
Lead author Dr Bernadette Moore, associate professor of obesity in the School of Food Science and Nutrition at Leeds, said: "Yoghurt definitely can have health benefits, but ultimately the final nutrient composition depends on the type of milk used and the ingredients added during production, which often include additional sugars and other sweeteners."
Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England, said: "Some yoghurts can contribute a lot of sugar to children's diets, so it's promising that we've seen some progress from the sector — but there is still a long way to go.
"The food industry has a responsibility to ensure healthier options are available and that our children aren't flooded by products full of hidden sugars."
Rise in dairy alternative yoghurts
Compared to 2016, the number of dairy alternative products has almost doubled and the products surveyed were quite variable in their total sugar contents.
While 37% of dairy alternative yoghurts could be considered low sugar — containing less than five grams of sugar per 100 grams — 27% had more than 10 grams of total sugar per 100 grams; and 20% listed sugar as the second most common ingredient after water.
Dr Moore explained: "Dairy alternative and plant-based 'milks' have grabbed people's interest for a number of ethical and environmental reasons. It's a trend we see mirrored in the rise of yoghurts that use almond and cashew nuts as their base, as well as an increased number of soya and coconut-based yoghurts.
"The question of whether plant-based yoghurts provide the same nutritional and health benefits as those made from cow's milk is currently under investigation.
"Movements such as Veganuary may encourage people to reconsider their eating habits, but it's important that people are aware that dairy alternatives may be an unrecognised source of added sugar to their diet.
"Because dairy alternatives do not have lactose, which is a naturally occurring sugar, the total sugar content comes entirely from added sweeteners. Generally, added sugars are considered to be worse for teeth and health.
"Given the wide range of sugar levels across these products, people making a switch to a vegan-friendly yoghurt should scrutinise product ingredients carefully."
Study co-author Eiméar H Sutton, who conducted this research while an undergraduate researcher at Leeds' School of Food Science and Nutrition, said: "This survey is a snapshot of the market at a particular time. The extent of market changes between 2016 and 2019 demonstrates that yoghurt products and composition is a moving landscape, but hopefully this shows we are on the right track.
"Some of the changes were already quite positive. For example, yoghurts with added cholesterol-lowering plant stanols in 2016 were found to be extremely high in sugar, but now we found many were among the top 20 products making the largest reductions in sugar content.
"In many categories the reductions to sugar level were modest and didn't yet meet the 20% reduction target, but overall it shows a positive change in the UK's food industry that may ultimately benefit people's health."
The results of this independent survey are in line with the UK Government's 2019 findings regarding industry progress in reducing sugar.
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