Public say no to supplement-enriched 'hybrid meats'
Consumers say they may buy ‘hybrid meat’ products that combine meat and other ingredients but only if they include whole plant-based foods such as onions, according to new research.
Researchers from the University of Reading spoke to consumers from the UK, Spain and Denmark and found that the chief concern about creating hybrid meat products is fears around overprocessing.
Lead researcher Dr Simona Grasso said hybrid meat products that contain vegetables or other plant-based additions have been on the shelves around Europe for some time, but the researchers wanted to see what people actually thought of them and what might stop them from buying them.
“As expected, taste was one of big concerns that people expressed regularly, but the biggest concern that we saw was from overprocessing of food. Shoppers that we have spoken to expressed concern that overprocessing would lead to the addition of additives and preservatives that gave the perception of being less healthy,” Dr Grasso said.
“The big trend that we saw was that consumers want to see whole foods mixed into their sausages or burgers such as onions, mushrooms, pulses and natural flavourings like herbs and spices. UK, Spanish and Danish shoppers all said that they didn’t want to see supplements such as protein powders or other ingredients that aren’t ‘clean label’ due to the worry about overprocessed foods.
“Although unsurprising, there is something of an irony in the findings. Attempts to make meat products that are healthier by reducing things like saturated fat and salt content through adding healthier additions, such as vegetables or alternative protein sources, are being met with ‘overprocessing’ fears.”
Favourite ingredients to add were onions, herbs, spices, carrots, mushrooms and pulses.
Participants in the project were asked to talk about their existing preferences for meat products and what they thought about healthier meat products using other additional ingredients.
UK participants said that habit was one of the factors affecting their meat buying, and that any healthier meat product would need to taste ‘right’.
Brits further said that burgers and sausages were the most accepted foods to add whole foods to, and that ideally the food would be made of 75% meat and 25% plant-based additions.
Dr Grasso said it was clear that the processed food badge needs to be addressed more broadly and that the industry needs to dispel the myth that processing is bad.
“All food is processed to some extent, from washing and packaging to adding ingredients to ensure that what we eat is healthy and sellable,” she said.
“The idea that adding vegetables alongside meat is somehow going to create a Franken-burger is really unhelpful and ignores the reality that a lot of consumers today are more open to adopt a flexitarian diet and any effort, however small, to reducing meat consumption should be encouraged.”
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