Improving the shelf life of avocados, eco-plastic film research
Plastic can be an important component of food packaging as it can create a barrier against nasties such as bacteria, as well as water and gas. This can help to prolong the shelf life of many foods and prevent waste.
However, given the finite resources of petroleum-based polymers, which are used to make conventional plastic food packaging, as well as the huge scale of plastic waste exceeding 150 million tonnes annually worldwide, it is important that alternative and eco-friendly materials are developed.
Now Curtin University researchers have developed eco-friendly films that, when used in food packaging, can prolong the shelf life of fruits such as avocados and peaches, offering potential benefits to fresh produce growers and retailers as well as the environment.
The research, published in Composites Part B: Engineering, found polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) bionanocomposite films were biodegradable and served as a significantly more efficient barrier against water vapour, air and oxygen — all of which reduce the shelf life of foodstuffs and the rate of fungi growth.
Lead author PhD student Mrs Zainab Waheed Abdullah, from the School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering at Curtin University, said the research team had developed novel bionanocomposite films that served as a significantly more effective barrier to conditions which contribute to the fruit “going old” more quickly.
“Using biopolymers, which occur in nature or are produced from natural resources like plants and animals, we manufactured bionanocomposite films as sustainable packaging material which we tested on peaches and freshly cut avocados,” Abdullah said.
“The ability of water vapour, air and oxygen to permeate bionanocomposite films reduced drastically and it clearly demonstrated the improvements of the films’ barrier properties. These bionanocomposite films were also able to better withstand variations of temperatures and humidity levels.
“Fruit weight loss and colour change were recorded daily to reflect product shelf life, revealing significantly decreased weight loss rates of 25.24% and 18.05% for avocados and peaches packaged by bionanocomposite films respectively, as opposed to 40.86% and 27.35% based on corresponding unpacked control fruits. This offers tremendous potential benefits to the food industry and in turn consumers.
The research was supervised by Dr Yu Dong from Curtin’s School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering and was in collaboration with Professor Shaomin Liu from Curtin’s WA School of Mines: Minerals, Energy and Chemical Engineering.
The research paper is titled ‘Water and gas barrier properties of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/starch (ST)/ glycerol (GL)/halloysite nanotube (HNT) bionanocomposite films: Experimental characterisation and modelling approach’.
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